信用棋牌

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      1. Blockchain là gìhọc tiếng Trung onlineyoga Viet Nam

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              2. Tin tức Bitcoinhọc tiếng Trung onlineyoga Viet Nam
                “说说你的烦心事,让大家开心一下”​ | 嫉妒型社会

                “说说你的烦心事,让大家开心一下”​ | 嫉妒型社会

                2020年03月23日 10:40:18
                来源:凤凰网读书

                本文作者金珽运,是韩国知名文化心理学家,研究许多五花八门的社会问题。他从韩国的现象出发,讨论当下“嫉妒型社会”问题。他认为使当今人类文明成为可能的最具决定性的心理学因素有两个:性与嫉妒。而我们对“性”的讨论和观念已经趋于解放,却很少直面“嫉妒”。

                嫉妒社会的根本问题在于:无人谈论自己的嫉妒心。作者认为,文化的本质是对嫉妒的管理信用棋牌,例如为防止贫富差距急剧扩大而整顿税金、福利相关制度。同时,嫉妒被认为是不道德的,因此不断强调谦虚以免引起他人的嫉妒。

                WEN|JINTINGYUN

                信用棋牌WOJIDUQIANMEIGUOZONGTONGAOBAMA,LIYOUHENJIANDAN:TAHEWOTONGLING。

                信用棋牌JINJINYINWEITONGSUIZHEIGELIYOUJIUJIDUBIEREN,WOZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGSHISHUHUANGTANG。DANJIDUXINBINGBUSHIWOZHEIZHONGBUCHENGSHUNANRENDEZHUANLI,NEIXIEKANSIYUJIDUHAOBUZHANBIANERDEREN(BIRUZHISHIFENZI、ZONGJIAORENSHI、WENHUAYISHUJIADENG),JIDUXINQISHIGENGCHILUOLUO、GENGXIWEI。

                据我所知,教授的嫉妒心最重,尤其是人文社会领域的教授们,他们更是善妒无比。

                YUZIRANKEXUEBUTONG,RENWENSHEHUIKEXUEMEIYOUKEGUANDEBIAOZHUN,YINCIZHEIYILINGYUDEJIAOSHOUJUEDUIBUHUICHENGRENTARENDEYOUSHI。YINWEIYIDANCHENGRENLEZIJIDELIESHI,JIUYIWEIZHETAMENZIWOCUNZAIDEGENJIBIANHUIZAODAODONGYAO。ZHENGYINRUCI,CHENGZANTARENDEJIAOSHOUCAIRUCIHANJIAN。

                但这并不代表嫉妒是个人性格的问题,毕竟人类情感总是由社会文化决定的。

                也就是说,一夫一妻制社会和一夫多妻制社会的嫉妒心有本质上的区别。

                01 嫉妒的正反面

                RUJINDONGYAOSHEHUIDEGEZHONGSHIJIAN,WULUNCAIQUSHENMEFANGSHI,BEIHOUDOUYOUJIDUZUOSUIDECHENGFEN。ZHEISHIYASUOSHIFAZHANLIUXIADEJITIXINLIXUEGUIJI,

                因为身份和地位的变化太突然。

                财富的积累也大部分是通过不正当的方式或极度偶然形成的,对此有人却抬杠说运气也是一种实力。

                KEE。ZAIZHEIYANGDEXIANSHIMIANQIAN,ZHONGRIBENBOLAOKUYIKEBUDEXIANDEPUTONGREN,YOUZENNENGYIZHIBAOCHIFOXIXINTAIBUJIDURENNI?

                嫉妒心并非弱者的专利,一个强者因恐惧弱者与自己缩小差距而产生嫉妒心,这种情形更可怕,换言之,强者的嫉妒心比弱者有过之而无不及。

                DEGUO“JIDUXINZHUANJIA”(BUZHIZHEIGECHENGHUSHIFOUTUODANG?)LUOERFU·HAOBUER(RolfHaubl,1951—)JIANGZHEIZHONGQINGXUDINGYIWEI

                “差距嫉妒心”。

                SHANGSIDUICENGSHIXIAJIDEXIAORENWUBUZHIBUJUEJIANTURANCHENGZHANGZHUANGDA、YILUPANSHENGBEIGANBUAN,ZHEIZHONGBUANZHUANBIANWEIDIYIZHISHIYISHUNJIAN。FULUOYIDEYINWUFARENSHOUXUESHENGRONGGEDEXUNSUCHENGZHANG,JIANGQIGANCHUZIJIDEXUEPAIBINGQIEHENLETAYIBEIZI,JIUSHIHUOSHENGSHENGDELIZI。

                信用棋牌DIANYING《WEIXIANFANGFA》ZHONGDEFULUOYIDEYURONGGE

                另一方面,嫉妒心并不是只有否定意义,豪布尔就主张“正当嫉妒心”的存在。

                ZHENGYIYUPINGDENGDESHEHUIGONGSHI,SHIDUIJIDUXINDEZHIDUGUANLI;ZONGJIAODEJIAOYIYEYOUYIQUTONGGONGZHIMIAO,TIANTANGLIDEQIGAIKANZHEYOUQIANDEHUAIDAN XIADIYUERPAISHOUCHENGKUAISHIZHENGCHANGDE,DANJIASHIYOUQIANDEHUAIDANSIHOUSHANGLETIANTANGHAIZHENGRIXIAOYAOKUAIHUO,RENMENJIUBUMIANKAISHIHUAIYI,SHANGDIDAODIZAIZUOSHENME? BUJINSHIGERENYEXIN,ZAIKENENGYINFASHEHUIBIANDONGDEGEXINSIXIANGDEBEIHOU,YECUNZAIZHEIZHONGZHENGDANGDEJIDUXIN。

                信用棋牌RENMENSHULIANDICAOZONGSHENPIGEZHONGWAIPICHUXIANDEJIDUXIN,ZHEIZHONGFANGSHICHENGWEI“WENHUA”。

                使当今人类文明成为可能的最具决定性的心理学因素有两个:性与嫉妒

                (DANGRANZHEICHUNCUISHIWOGERENDEXIANGFA)。SHOUXIAN,XINGDEFANGMIANFULUOYIDEYIJINGMINGBAIDIJIESHIGUOLE,YINWEI“ZHIJIEZUO!”CONGXUDUOFANGMIANERYANFUZAQIEBUBIAN,SUOYIRENLEIKAISHIZHUIQIUDUOZHONGXINGTAIDEXINGMANZU。XINGDEGONGSHI,JIUSHIDANGJIN“MEILIYOUYADEWENHUA”,ZHEISHIFULUOYIDEWENMINGLUNDEHEXIN。

                另一方面,人类对嫉妒的抵抗比对性欲的抵抗更执着。

                有一句话适合任何文化圈,那就是“做人要谦虚”。

                CENGJINGWEILEZHUANGQIANGZUOSHIBAIJIAZICHILENEIMEDUOKU,RUJINYOUSHUOZUORENYAOQIANXU,ZHEIBUSHIFASHENJINGMA?NEIMEWEISHENMERENBIXUYAOQIANXU?YUANYINHENJIANDAN:WEILEBUCIJITARENDEJIDUXIN。

                CIJITARENJIDUXINDEYISHUNJIANNIJIUCHUJU(out)LE,YINWEI“WEICHENGRENERDOUZHENG”ZUOWEI“ZHUNUBIANZHENGFA”DEHEXINJIZHIFAHUIZUOYONGZHENGSHIZHEIYISHUNJIAN。WEISHENMEYIRENMENZAITANHUAJIEMUSHANGJINGCHANGKUSU“YILUZOULAIWOYEHAOXINKUHAOTONGKU”?LIYOUSHIXIANGTONGDE:YINWEIHAIPACHENGWEIZHONGSHIZHIDE,HAIPACHENGWEISUOYOURENJIDUDEMUBIAO。

                嫉妒社会的根本问题在于:无人谈论自己的嫉妒心。就像缺乏与性有关的社会讨论使得夜生活文化变得如此肤浅一样,缺乏对嫉妒心的社会反思,也使得各种愤怒和敌意都被误认为是合情合理的。

                WOMENBUYINGGAIZHUZHANGQUNTISHIBAOSHITUODANGDEDAODEGUANHUOZHENGQUELINIAN,YOUGEDIAODESHEHUIYIWEIZHEKEYIDUIJIDUXINJINXINGTUOSHANGUANLI。MEIDANGFENNUHEDIYIDADAODINGDIANSHI,JIUYINGGAIFANSHENGZHEIFENNUDEGENYUANJIUJINGSHIBUSHIZHENGDANGDE。

                02

                嫉妒与幸灾乐祸的关系

                YOUBIAOSHI“SHANGTONG”“TONGKU”DE“Schaden”,YIJIBIAOSHIKUAILEDE“Freude”ZUHEERCHENGDE“XINGZAILEHUO”(Shadenfreude)YICI。DUICI,OUZHOUQITAGUOJIADERENZHIZEDEGUOSHIWEIYIYIGEYUNXUZHEIZHONGBUJIANKANGDEQINGXUYIRUCIMINGQUEDEGAINIANCUNZAIDEGUOJIA。

                然而,视他人的痛苦为快乐与嫉妒这种普遍的情绪密切相关。

                信用棋牌ZAIXINLIXUESHIYANZHONG,JIDUXINHEXINGZAILEHUODEGUANXIYEDEYIQUEREN。YOUYIXIANGSHIYANYIDEGUOYIDAXUESHENGWEIDUIXIANG,ZHENDUIBIZIJICHENGJIHAODEDUODETONGXUEBEIHUAIYITOUQIEYAOPIN,YIJIBIZIJICHENGJICHADETONGXUEBEIHUAIYITOUQIEYAOPINZHEILIANGZHONGQINGKUANG,DUISHOUSHIZHEDEXINLIZHUANGTAIJINXINGDUIBI。

                结果显示,当比自己成绩好的朋友被怀疑时,受试者心里更痛快。越是自认为嫉妒心强的同学,这种倾向就越明显。

                ZIXIYANJIUNEIXIEFENGKUANGZHUIXINGDEFENSI,HENRONGYIFAXIANJIDUYUXINGZAILEHUODEXINLI。WUMINGYIRENCHENGGONGDAODADIANFENGCHENGWEIDAMINGXINGYIQIAN,FENSIMENJIYULEJUDADEGULIHEZHICHI;

                然而艺人登上巅峰的一瞬间,粉丝们就开始改变初衷,暗自期待着明星的“戏剧性没落”。过分追星甚至干涉其私生活,因为无关紧要的小事就酸言的那些恶意留言,大部分都是明星曾经的狂热粉丝所为。

                信用棋牌ZHEIXIEFENSIMENTONGGUOSNSDENGSHEJIAORUANJIANYIGEZHONGFANGSHIFANGAIMINGXINGHUODONG,ZHEMONEIXIE“CHIBANGYINGLE”BUTINGTAMENYIJIANDEMINGXING,YITAMENDETONGKUWEILE。RUJINDAZHONGWENHUADEMINGXINGMENBIXUZUOHAOXINLIZHUNBEI,SUISHICHENGWEIFENSIMENXINGZAILEHUODEXISHENGPIN,YINWEIMINGXINGJIUSHIWEILEFENSIMENBAJIDUXINHEZIBEIGANZHUANBIANWEIXINGZAILEHUODEXINLIERCUNZAIDE。

                03 文化的本质是对嫉妒的管理

                RENLEIDEWENMINGJIUSHIJIDUDELISHI,SHENGJINGLIGAIYINYUYABODEGUSHIXIANGDANGNAIRENXUNWEI:YOUYIRI,DAIBIAONONGGENGDEGEGEGAIYINYIDILIDESHUCAIHELIANGSHIWEIGONGWUXIANJISHEN,ERDAIBIAOYOUMUMINDEDIDIYABOJIANGYANGXIANSHANG,DANYEHEHUAZHISHOUXIALEYABODEGONGWU,YUSHIFENNUDEGAIYINSHALEDIDI。QIGUAIDESHI,SHENBINGMEIYOUSHAGAIYIN,FANERJIGAIYINYIGEJIHAO,RANGBIERENWUFASHANGHAITA。RENLEIJIUSHIGAIYINDEHOUDAI,YEJIUSHISHUO,“JIDU”SHIRENLEIDEMINGYUN。

                GAIYINYUYABO

                游牧民族的“妒忌管理”非常彻底,因为他们可以通过各种各样的宗教仪式防止财富和权力集中在一个人身上。

                信用棋牌DUIYUSUISHIBANQIANDEYOUMUMINZULAISHUO,JIDUGUANLIQICHUBINGBUFUZA,DANSUIZHERENLEIDINGJUSHENGHUODEKAISHI,JIDUGUANLIBIANDEYUELAIYUEKUNNAN。

                RUJIN,RENLEIKAISHISHIYONGDUOYUANWENHUASHOUDUANLAIGUANLIJIDU,FALV、ZHIDU、LUNLIHEDAODEJIUSHIZHEIYANGKAISHIDE。

                从心理学观点看,文化的本质是对嫉妒的管理,为防止贫富差距急剧扩大而整顿税金、福利相关制度;嫉妒被认为是不道德的,因此强调谦虚以免引起他人的嫉妒。

                HANGUORENDEJIDUXINYOUQIQIANGLIE,ZHEISHI“YASUOSHIFAZHAN”DAOZHIDEJIEGUO。ZAIJINGJIZHUJIANFENGRAODEXIOUSHEHUI,JIDUGUANLITIXIJIWENHUAKAIZHANDEJICHENGSHUYOUYINBI,JIEGUOSHIRENMENZIRANERRANDIJIESHOULESHENFENCHAYIHEPINFUCHAJU。YUCIXIANGFAN,JIANGYIQIEZHILIYUSHIXIANJINGJIFUYUDEHANGUOSHEHUI,QUESHUHULEDUIJIDUDEGUANLI。

                HENDUORENRENWEI,JINGJISHANGDEFUYUSHIDIJIABAOZHANGDENGCHANYOUYUNQICHENGFENDEJIEGUO;DANGRANYEYOUSHAOSHURENRENWEISHIZHENGDANGNULIDEJIEGUO—SHISHISHANGQIANZHESHUODEMEICUO。ZAIDANGJINHANGUOSHEHUI,JIDUHENRONGYIBEITIESHANGZHENGCHANGDEBIAOQIAN,WENTISHIDANGJIDUDEZHENGCHANGHUAYUFENNUXIANGJIEHESHI,YIGESHEHUIDEWEILAIJIUHUIBIANDEPUSHUOMILI,YICHANGWEIXIAN。DUISHEHUIERYAN,JIDUGUANLIJIANGZAIXIANGDANGZHANGYIDUANSHIJIANLICHENGWEIJIWEIJIANNANDEKETI。

                BENWENZHAIZI

                信用棋牌SHUMING:《OUERYEXUYAOQIANGLIEDEGUDU》 ZUOZHE: [HAN] JINTINGYUN

                信用棋牌CHUBANSHE: ZHONGXINCHUBANJITUAN

                YIZHE: TONGXIAOLI

                CHUBANNIAN: 2020-1-1

                BIANJI:_TONG_ZHIXINGHUACUN

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